Chères et chers collègues,
Le séminaire transversal mensuel sur Le libéralisme dans tous ses E/états, proposé par les laboratoires ICD (Interactions culturelles et discursives – EA 6297) et IRJI (Institut de Recherche Juridique Interdisciplinaire – EA 7496) de l’Université de Tours reprend ses séances dès la rentrée, en “mode hybride”.
Lundi 27 septembre 2021, de 17h30 à 19h00
Sous la présidence de séance de Nathalie Lévy, Maîtresse de conférences d’Économie à l’Université de Tours, membre de l’IRJI
En direct et en public salle 3030 (Bâtiment E – 3ème étage) du site Jean Luthier de l’IUT, 29 rue du Pont Volant à Tours
Et en visioconférence sur Teams par le lien suivant :
Nous aurons le plaisir de recevoir :
Rosella Carè, Maîtresse de conférences d’Économie à University of Cagliari (Italy)
Sur “From Neoliberalism and New Public Management to Social Impact Bonds: a new role of for the State in the post-Covid scenario”
Présentation de l’intervention :
In the post-Covid-19 scenario, many Governments are again considering what measures to take to cut public spending to reduce the deficit and public debt. A radically different consensus on the State’s appropriate role in the economy and the optimum way to manage economic activity took hold from the seventies (Alonso et al., 2015). Starting in the UK (Vickers and Yarrow, 1988), and then spreading to the rest of Europe over the next two decades, a profound reform of the public sector was set in place (Clifton et al., 2003, 2006). This included sweeping privatization, liberalization, and deregulation programs (Alonso et al., 2015). Neoliberalism and austerity increasingly informed policies and practices designed to encourage the introduction of private sector management criteria into public administration, believing that a fully competitive market is most effective because private companies are more efficient than the government (Harvey, 2006; Robison, 2006). Such ideas came to be labeled New Public Mangament (NPM). More in detail, NPM emerged as the response to the growing perception that the public sector was too inefficient, and its growth was getting out of control (Alonso et al., 2015). Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) are a procurement model – based on a mix of contracting out, private finance capital, and payment-by-results (PBR) – used for publicly funded social service delivery in several policies and welfare areas, including health, education, housing, social exclusion, and criminal justice (Hajer, 2020). SIBs involve cooperation between private sector financial actors (banks, investment funds, or charities), the public sector (central government or local authorities), and social services providers (NGOs, social businesses, or regular private firms) (Le Pendeven, 2019).
This presentation will be organized around two main blocks. The first will clarify the connections between the concepts and constructs of neoliberalism and of NPM, while the second will explore the role of SIBs as a policy strategy for addressing the economic and social effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alonso, J. M., J. Clifton & D. Díaz-Fuentes (2015). “Did new public management matter? An empirical analysis of the outsourcing and decentralization effects on public sector size”, Public Management Review, 17, 643–660.
Clifton, J., F. Comin & D. Diaz-Fuentes (2003), Privatization in the European Union: Public Enterprise and Integration, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Clifton, J., F. Comin & D. Diaz-Fuentes (2006), “Privatization in the European Union: Pragmatic, Ideological, Inevitable?”,Journal of European Public Policy.
Hajer, J. (2020), “The national governance and policy context of social impact bond emergence: A comparative analysis of leaders and skeptics”, Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 22(2), 116-133.
Harvey, D. (2006), “Neo-liberalism as creative destruction”, Geografiska Annaler, 88(2), 145–158.
Le Pendeven, B. (2019), “Social impact bonds: A new public management perspective”, Finance Contrôle Stratégie, (NS-5).
Robison, R. (2006), Neo-liberalism and the market state: What is the ideal shell?, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Vickers, J. & G. Yarrow (1988), Privatization: An Economic Analysis, MIT press, Cambridge, Mass.
Présentation de l’intervenante :
Rosella Carè is Senior Assistant Professor of Banking and Finance at the University of Cagliari (Italy) and Marie Curie Research Fellow at the School of Environment, Enterprise and Development (SEED) of the University of Waterloo (Canada). She holds a Ph.D. in Sciences de Gestion at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM) of Paris (France) and a Ph.D. in Healthcare Management and Economics at the University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro (Italy). She is the Principal investigator of the research project “COPERNICUS – Social Finance for Social Enterprises: Theory and Practice to build a more inclusive society” funded by the European Commission under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Global Fellowship. She is the author of many publications published in international journals and books in Italian and English. Her works have been published by outstanding international academic editors and publishers such as Routledge, Springer, Taylor and Francis, Palgrave MacMillan, Elsevier, and MDPI. Her major research areas – where she is author and editor of several works – include social and sustainable finance, alternative finance, impact investing, sustainable banking, climate risks and financial stability.
Au plaisir de vous retrouver nombreux.
Les organisateurs : Anthony Castet, Nathalie A. Champroux, Alexis Chommeloux, Selma Josso, Nathalie Levy et Stéphane Porion